Pulses and Legumes:
The seeds of leguminous plants are known as legumes or pulses.
Pulses when decorticated and split are known as dhal.
Pulses are the main source of protein for vegetarian. Even though pulses do not
contain all essential amino acids necessary for growth, when taken in
combination with cereals or other vegetables their nutritional value improves.
Soya beans are an exception to this rule because the biological value of its
protein content is very good.
Condiments and Spices:
Classification of Condiments and Spices:
There are about 35 spices and condiments which can be broadly classified into 6
groups, based upon the parts of the plants from which they are obtained:
1. Rhizomes and root spices: Ginger, Turmeric, and Garlic.
2. Seed spices: Nutmeg, Coriander, Fennel, Cumin, Fenugreek, Dill, Aniseed,
Celery and Bishopweed.
3. Bark spices: Cinnamon
4. Fruit spices: Cardamom, Black Pepper, Vanilla, All spice, Cassia, Tamarind,
5. Leaf spices: Bay leaf, Curry leaf, etc.
5. Flower spices: Clove, Saffron, Asafoetida, etc.
Cereals and Grains:
Cereal grains are the seeds that come from grasses such as wheat, millet, rice,
barley, oats, rye, triticale, sorghum, and maize (corn).
About 80 percent of the protein and over 50 percent of the calories consumed by
humans and livestock come from cereal grains.
The most popular grains are barley, corn, millet, oats, quinoa, rice, rye,
sorghum, triticale, wheat and wild rice.
Because cereals are inexpensive, are a readily available source of protein and
have more carbohydrates than any other food, they're a staple throughout the
Fruits are good source of fiber , vitamins, minerals, and antioxidant.
Dietary fiber is very important for our digestive system. Antioxidant will help
us to prevent cancer.
It depends on your age, the time and amount you consume and your health
Apple, grapes, kiwi, berries, pineapple, orange, apricot, plum are in general
you can eat any time.
Dont eat few fruits just before going to bed.
Banana, mangoes, jack fruit, papaya, avocado, are good to have two hours before
going to bed.
The term vegetable refers to any herbaceous plant that can be partially or
An herbaceous plant has little or no woody tissue.
The portions we consume include the leaves, stems, roots, tubers, seeds and
Vegetables contain more starch and less sugar than fruits.
Therefore vegetables tend to be savory, not sweet. Also unlike fruits,
vegetables are most often eaten cooked, not raw.
Nuts and Oilseeds:
Nuts and oilseeds being an important source of many nutrients, was included in
the study to evaluate the major nutrients, calcium and iron from some common
very best nuts and oilseeds are almonds, cashews, peanuts, walnuts, sesame and