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Pulses and Legumes

Condiments and Spices

Cereals and Grains



Nuts and Oilseeds

Pulses and Legumes:

The seeds of leguminous plants are known as legumes or pulses.
Pulses when decorticated and split are known as dhal.
Pulses are the main source of protein for vegetarian. Even though pulses do not contain all essential amino acids necessary for growth, when taken in combination with cereals or other vegetables their nutritional value improves. Soya beans are an exception to this rule because the biological value of its protein content is very good.

Condiments and Spices:

Classification of Condiments and Spices:
There are about 35 spices and condiments which can be broadly classified into 6 groups, based upon the parts of the plants from which they are obtained:
1. Rhizomes and root spices: Ginger, Turmeric, and Garlic.
2. Seed spices: Nutmeg, Coriander, Fennel, Cumin, Fenugreek, Dill, Aniseed, Celery and Bishopweed.
3. Bark spices: Cinnamon
4. Fruit spices: Cardamom, Black Pepper, Vanilla, All spice, Cassia, Tamarind, etc.
5. Leaf spices: Bay leaf, Curry leaf, etc.
5. Flower spices: Clove, Saffron, Asafoetida, etc.

Cereals and Grains:

Cereal grains are the seeds that come from grasses such as wheat, millet, rice, barley, oats, rye, triticale, sorghum, and maize (corn).
About 80 percent of the protein and over 50 percent of the calories consumed by humans and livestock come from cereal grains.
The most popular grains are barley, corn, millet, oats, quinoa, rice, rye, sorghum, triticale, wheat and wild rice.
Because cereals are inexpensive, are a readily available source of protein and have more carbohydrates than any other food, they're a staple throughout the world


Fruits are good source of fiber , vitamins, minerals, and antioxidant.
Dietary fiber is very important for our digestive system. Antioxidant will help us to prevent cancer.
It depends on your age, the time and amount you consume and your health condition.
Apple, grapes, kiwi, berries, pineapple, orange, apricot, plum are in general you can eat any time.
Dont eat few fruits just before going to bed.
Banana, mangoes, jack fruit, papaya, avocado, are good to have two hours before going to bed.


The term vegetable refers to any herbaceous plant that can be partially or wholly eaten.
An herbaceous plant has little or no woody tissue.
The portions we consume include the leaves, stems, roots, tubers, seeds and flowers.
Vegetables contain more starch and less sugar than fruits.
Therefore vegetables tend to be savory, not sweet. Also unlike fruits, vegetables are most often eaten cooked, not raw.

Nuts and Oilseeds:

Nuts and oilseeds being an important source of many nutrients, was included in the study to evaluate the major nutrients, calcium and iron from some common Assamese recipes.
very best nuts and oilseeds are almonds, cashews, peanuts, walnuts, sesame and olive oil.

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